Fabricators use structural steel to create a broad range of products for the construction industry as well as for oil & gas infrastructure, shipbuilding, power plants and energy infrastructure. Some of the most common uses of structural steel include:
- High-rise buildings
- Parking garages
- Commercial buildings (warehouses, retail stores, prisons, office buildings, and manufacturing facilities)
- Pre-fab housing, office buildings and building materials
- Power stations and energy infrastructure
- Oil rigs, pipelines and offshore platforms for the oil & gas industry
- Playground equipment
- Shipbuilding and transportation equipment
- Security fencing
- Agricultural structures and equipment
Structural steel is also used in a broad range of other building materials and heavy construction equipment.
Of course, construction work for large structures like high rises and bridges happens outdoors and onsite. However, smaller structures such as playground equipment or stadium seating are usually assembled and welded in an indoor facility. Structural steel fabricators also pre-assemble smaller components of larger structures that will be shipped to the construction site for final assembly. This may include drilling, cutting, grinding and welding of structural steel beams—all of which will produce dangerous dust or fumes.